World University

World University and School {in a virtual world}

Welcome to World University
which anyone can add to or edit.
The Global, Virtual/Digital, Open, Free, {potentially Degree- and Credit-Granting},
Multilingual University & School
where anyone can teach or take a class or course

  • Add or take a free, open WUaS Universal Translator course.

Select Courses[]

  • Add free, open WUaS Universal Translator courses below.


Add free, open WUaS Universal Translator courses Web Site Organization (if any) Degree / Non-degree Instructor's Name Location Other Info Language Tags
MIT OCW Translated Courses MIT non-degree Browser Start anytime English
FSI Language Courses US Government Non-degree Browser Welcome to - the home for language courses developed by the Foreign Service Institute. These courses were developed by the United States government and are in the public domain. This site is dedicated to making these language courses freely available in an electronic format. This site is not affiliated in any way with any government entity; it is an independent, non-profit effort to foster the learning of worldwide languages. Courses here are made available through the private efforts of individuals who are donating their time and resources to provide quality materials for language learning.
Course's Name http:// non-degree Browser Start anytime English

WUaS Idea- and Academic Resources[]


In what ways can upcoming virtual Harbin (in ScienceSim, or in OpenSim?) be designed to help develop translation of both IMAGES and, for example, OPERA, INTERACTIVELY, opera-wise and image-wise, for WUaS's universal translator (in 3,000-8,000 languages)? (Google Translate is in 58 languages, for example). (

To start a new language ( - for a Language Template - use this Subject Template:

is wondering in what ways to focus the development of the WUaS Universal Translator, building on, yet different from Google Translate and SugarLabs Translate, probably in terms of context or contextualization of languages and each language (as well as images), that could then dovetail a decade ahead with Google Translate, etc. ... WUaS Universal Translator: ...

Publish my article in a WUaS academic journal in this subject[]

Open Journal Systems. 2012. Open Journal Systems. Public Knowledge Project.

(WUaS's wiki, information technologies and criteria for this - informed by the WUaS academic journal subject matter - are developing, since you can already publish your article at or Research Gate - - or Spire - - for example); See Library Resources below at WUaS for further resources.

Q item in Wikidata[]

Select Analytics[]

Select Bibliographies[]

Select Blogs, Blog Aggregators[]

Ethnoblog. 2013. Ethnoblog. (The Ethnoblog is a place where the Ethnologue Editor and others talk about language in general, items in the news regarding language and languages, and developments, products, and projects being worked on by the Ethnologue staff (and others). Dallas, TX:

The Official Google translate blog. 2013. The Official Google translate blog. Mountain View, CA:

Select Book Groups, Study Groups, Musical Groups, etc.[]

Begin a Google + Hangout:

MIT UnHangouts -


Select Book Reviews[]

Select Books, eBooks[]

Allee, Verna. 2011. Value Networks and the true nature of collaboration. (Why a free live digital edition? This book is being provided as a live digital edition for two reasons: 1) It can be instantly translated into any of the 52 languages supported by Google Translate, and 2) It will allow continuous updating and additions of cases and examples provided by users of this approach. We are publishing the details of conducting a Value Network Analysis (VNA) as a non-proprietary methodology. This means it can more readily meet the open method requirements of standards bodies. We encourage adoption of the method in its full integrity - as a method and framework for business modeling. ). .

Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2013. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. (The Ethnologue is a list of 7,105 known living languages, as a main basis for WUaS Languages and Universal Translator). Seventeenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.

Select Calendars for Events in this Subject[]

Select Call for Papers, Chapters, Submissions, etc.[]

Select Case Studies[]

Select Challenges[]

Select Channels[]

Select Chapters, Book Chapters, etc.[]

Select Communities, Email lists, etc.[]

(See also editable World University and School's 'You at World University' page:

Select Concerts Online[]

Select Conference Materials[]

Select Conferences, Conferences Online[]

Select Conversations / Dialogues / Idea Competitions[]

Select Databases[]

Select Databases of Professionals and Specialists[]

Select Dictionaries[]

Select Encyclopedias[]

Select Facts[]

Select Films[]

Select Film Reviews[]

Select Forums, Spaces, etc.[]

Select Funding Sources[]

Select Google + Hangouts, UnHangouts, Group Video, Updates, etc.[]

Select Humor[]

Select Images, Infographics, etc.[]

Select Institutions, Institutes, Centers, Networks of Centers, etc.[]

Select Interviews, Question and Answers, Q&As[]

Murty, Rohan (founder), and Sheldon Pollack (editor). Classical Library of India | Q&A. 2015. Founder and General Editor - The Murty Classical Library of India | Q&A. Cambridge, MA: Mint Youtube channel.

Select Journals, Serials, etc.[]

Select Labs[]

Select Lectures[]

Select Letters[]

Select Libraries, Archives, Collections, Repositories, etc.[]

(See also editable World University and School's Library Resources' page:

Murty Classical Library of India. 2015. Murty Classical Library of India. .

Select Maps[]

Select Multimedia[]

Select Museums[]

(See also editable World University and School's Museums' page:

Select Newspapers, News, Newsletters[]

Select Office Hours[]

Select Papers[]

Select Photos, Pictures, etc.[]

Select Platforms[]

edx-platform. 2014. edx-platform: the edX learning management system (LMS) and course authoring tool]. (edx-platform the edX learning management system (LMS) and course authoring tool, Studio —

Select Poetry[]

Select Programs, Applications, Languages, Software[]

Google Translate. 2011. (with its at least 58 languages - may become the basis for a WUaS Universal Translator, for both translation and academic research).

IBM Watson Developer Cloud. 2015. IBM Watson Developer Cloud. Armonk, NY: .

Sugar Labs: Translation System. 2011. Sugar Labs: Translation System. (This is the translation server for Sugarlabs. Information on how to use this server can be found in the Translation Team page in the SugarLabs wiki. This server uses Pootle, a free and open source software to enable volunteers to easily translate software into their own languages). Cambridge, MA: Sugar Labs.

Select Questions, Inquiries, Problems, FAQs[]

McGann, Matt. 2010. Q&A with Prof. Nancy Kanwisher ‘80 (CPW Preview!). Cambridge, MA: .

Select Quotes, Quotations, etc.[]

Wikidata:Wikiquote. 2014. Wikidata:Wikiquote.

Select RSS Feeds, SMS, etc.[]

Select Recordings[]

Select References[]

App Smart Extra: Translation Apps. 2012. App Smart Extra: Translation Apps. July 27. New York, NY:

MacLeod, Scott. 2015. Brazilwood: Brazilwood: How best to publish my Harbin manuscript to paper, and also via Google Books and Google Library project, for example online, The Quaker "Inner Light Books" Publisher, WUaS Revenue & Business Plans, a) "Academic Press at World University and School," b) "Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at WUaS," c) "WUaS Universal Translator," d) "Library Resources" (planned for ALL languages). August 15. Emeryvielle, CA: .

HATTACHARJEE, RUNA. 2015. Content Translation, used in over 10,000 articles, now available on Wikipedias in all languages. JULY 16. .

Boss, Suzie. 2012. Accessible Images: An open source web application draws on the wisdom of the crowds to give the blind access to images. Fall. Stanford, CA: Stanford University.

Content translation. 2015. Content translation. .

Crotty, James Marshall. 2012. Amara's Wiki-Style Translation Platform Enables Global Growth Of Education Startups. New York, NY: Forbes Magazine.

The Endangered Languages Project. 2012. The Endangered Languages Project: Supporting language preservation through technology and collaboration.

Green, Cable. 2012. World OER Map: Will You Help Build It?. November 9th. San Francisco, CA:

HELFT, MIGUEL. 2009. Amid Iran Turmoil, Google Adds Persian to Translation Service. June 19. New York, NY:

HELFT, MIGUEL. 2010. [ Google’s Computing Power Refines Translation Tool]. March 8. New York, NY: The New York Times.

Kugel, Seth. 2013. Lost in Translation? Try a Google App. February 13. New York, NY:

Leswing, Kif. 2014. Skype can translate spoken Spanish to English in near real-time. Dec. 15. .

MacLeod, Scott. 2014. American Badger: Wikidata / World University and School collaboration possibilities ... Structure of Wikidata from which WUaS might develop an Universal Translator?, in what 2 ways, for example, In broad strokes, could someone write an application based on Wikidatas information structures, that would lead to comparative translators? Nascent Wikidata interlingual projects engaging MIT OCW's translated courses (or STEM-centric OER courses)?, Looks like Wiktionary and MediaWiki Content translation may provide another approach to a possible Universal Translator, as well ... . May 20. Canyon, CA:

MacLeod, Scott. 2014. Amygdalus species: "Language Identification" capabilities to help boost Watson on BlueMix and ...?, Grand Challenge of "Language Identification," IBM Watson, Google & Artificial Intelligence, Resources emerging here at Artificial Intelligence at WUaS (first in English, then in other languages):, Exciting to develop early World University and School with Artificial Intelligence. San Francisco, CA:

MacLeod, Scott. 2015. Camellia sasanqua: 9,000 Languages and their Countries in a spreadsheet is an amazing WUaS development because each of these languages, in this list, will become an open editable wiki school in that language and the larger languages will become accrediting universities in their nation states and also the basis for an Universal Translator, Suggestions for adding their populations of native speakers to this list?. March 13.

MacLeod, Scott. 2015. native flax seed plants: Very Cool - A Guidebook and a Test, for A.I. and machine learning at WUaS, Translatable, in an Universal Translator, Textbooks/Guidebooks as Courses, Think the California Drivers' Manual and Related Test, or The New Testament and Quizzes - with a focus on Love - in 1,300+ of the largest languages in the world out of 7,870, 10K and 2K Reward ISSIP WUaS Grand Challenges, Clinical Trials in All Languages, Scottish Gaelic is unintelligible in Google Translate and probably has fewer than 100,000 speakers for an Universal Translator of the largest languages, How the New Testament teaches love, Tests for the New Testament, as beginning examples for coding for machine learning and AI for an Universal Translator, A wee breakthrough, How to code AI, Guidebooks and Tests for flourishing learning enjoyment?. February 25. San Francisco, CA: .

MacLeod, Scott. 2014. Oryx leucoryx: American Sign Language (ASL) sign for "Quakers" is 'thumb twiddling,' The ASL sign for "Atheist," Friendly-informed WUaS's plans to develop a universal translator - - building on Google Translate, Where would NTFs like to head with Nontheistic Friends' thinking and representation in the translation process into multiple languages of the words "Nontheistic Friends". June 5.

MacLeod, Scott. 2015. Rainforest: Malaysia WUaS, partially in a Malaysian language (and accessible from the main "Nation States" wiki page at WUaS), World University and School as another Grand Challenge at, Adding Artificial Intelligence - Linked Open Data to Multilingual WUaS in All Languages, WUaS Universal Translator. February 20. .

MacLeod, Scott. 2015. Red Macaw: Zapotec, The Bible/New Testament as a basis for the WUaS Universal Translator, WUaS Business Plan. March 5. .

Mauser, Arne. 2013. Google Translate now supports Khmer. April 18. Mountain View, CA:

MCGONEGAL, JOE. 2014. Coding Towards Vietnam: edX in Translation. Cambridge, MA: .

Nuwer, Rachel. 2012. Beluga Whale Learns to Speak Like a Human: Beluga whales can vocalize in a way remarkably close to human speech, according to new observations. October 23.

Quoc V. Le & Mike Schuster, Research Scientists, Google Brain Team. 2016. A Neural Network for Machine Translation, at Production Scale.

Sarhadi, Atefeh. 2012. Ver.2 of OP (Old Persian) Fonts: Unicode & Ultra-Unicode. Linking standard OP transliteration to the original OP text. San Francisco, CA:

Schulz, Thomas. 2013. Translate This: Google's Quest to End the Language Barrier. September 13. The Spiegel.

Sookmyung Women's University’s SNOW Launches OCW Translations. 2012. Sookmyung Women's University’s SNOW Launches OCW Translations. ("SNOW joins Universia (Spanish, Portuguese), China Open Resources for Education (Simplified Chinese), Opensource Opencourseware Prototype System (Traditional Chinese), Chulalongkorn University (Thai), The Turkish Academy of Sciences (Turkish) and Shahid Beheshti University (Persian) as MIT OpenCourseWare translation affiliates. Together these organizations have created more than 1,000 translations of OCW courses. These translations have received more than 135 million visits to date, accounting for roughly 40% of worldwide access to MIT OpenCourseWare content."). Cambridge, MA:

redletterdave. 2012. Google Launches Endangered Languages Project. June 21.

Universal translator. 2014. Universal translator. .

Van Grove, Jennifer. 2010. Google Adds Virtual Keyboards for Search in 35 Languages. April 29.

WOOLLASTON, VICTORIA. 2013. Is this the end of learning languages? Star Trek-style universal translator could let you speak to anyone in ANY language. July 26. London, UK:

Select Reviews[]

Select Schools, Universities, etc.[]

Select Search Engines[]

Select Sessions[]

Select Sheet Music[]

Select Simulations, Applets and Visualizations[]

Select Slideshows[]

Select Social Networking Pages[]

Select Societies, Associations, Groups, Networks, etc.[]

Select Statistics[]

Select Study Guides[]

Select Surveys[]

Select Syllabi[]

Select Teachers with Email Addresses/Contact Information[]

Select Talks[]

Select Tests, Exams, etc.[]

Select Textbooks[]

Select Theories[]

Select Theses, Dissertations, Papers, etc.[]

Select Timelines[]

Select Tools[]

Select Twitters[]

Select Updates[]

Select Video and Audio[]

Clayton, Steve. 2012. Microsoft Research shows a promising new breakthrough in speech translation technology. Redmond, WA:

Giner, Pau. 2013. Translate UX design walkthrough Feb 2013. February 27.

Howard, Jeremy. 2014. The wonderful and terrifying implications of computers that can learn | Jeremy Howard. (Accessible here too: TEDx.

Lazar, Jonathan. 2011. Preventing Societal Discrimination: Accessible Web Design for People with Disabilities. Cambridge, MA: Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University.

Lessig, Lawrence. 2013. Lawrence Lessig: We the People, and the Republic we must reclaim. (Mentions Universal Translator in this talk). Monterey, CA: TED Talk.

Mandell, Charlotte. 2013. Charlotte Mandell reading at McNally Jackson Books in NYC. 9Charlotte Mandell reads from her translation of "Fait Accompli" from The Fata Morgana Books by Jonathan Littell at the Bridge Series at McNally Jackson Books in NYC). New York, NY: Jackson Books.

Parra, Juliana Rincón. 2011. Video: Learning a New Language Through Online Video. February 22. Global Voices Online.

Powell, Will. 2012. Project Glass: Translation...inspired - subtitles in glasses (English Spanish conversation). (nspired by google's project glass I put together an application that can provide translated subtitles in real time. It allows me and my sister Elizabeth to have a conversation when I speak English and she speaks Spanish).

Smith, Dave. 2012. Google Launches Endangered Languages Project To Preserve Global Speech, Culture (VIDEO). International Business Times.

Speaking Piano - Now with (somewhat decent) captions!. 2009. Speaking Piano - Now with (somewhat decent) captions!. (A "speaking piano" reciting the Proclamation of the European Environmental Criminal Court at World Venice Forum 2009). Venice, IT:

TED Open Translation Project. 2011. The TED Open Translation Project . The TED Open Translation Project brings TEDTalks beyond the English-speaking world by offering subtitles, interactive transcripts and the ability for any talk to be translated by volunteers worldwide. Monterey, CA: TED Talks.

Select Video Conferences[]

Select Video with Subtitles for Translation[]

Select Videocasts and Podcasts[]

Select Websites[]

Amara's Subtitles. 2012. Amara's Subtitles. (Amara's Universal Subtitles - Join Amara’s Global Volunteer Community! Amara is a non-profit and open-source project. We are working to make video accessible to people who are deaf and hard of hearing and for everyone who wants to watch a video in a language that we don’t speak. Help us translate and caption videos to make them accessible for everyone.

Duolingo. 2013. Duolingo: Free language education for the world.

Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 2013. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Seventeenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.

Hammarström, Harald & Forkel, Robert & Haspelmath, Martin & Nordhoff, Sebastian. 2014.

Glottolog 2.3. (Available online at, Accessed on 2015-01-12. Lists 7,870 languages currently. Glottolog is an initiative of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology). Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

MIT OpenCourseware. 2012. MIT OpenCourseware. Cambridge, MA:

The Rosetta Project. 2010. The Rosetta Project: A Long Now Foundation Library of Human Language. Long Now Foundation.

Select Wikidata Queries[]

Select Wikis[]

WikiBase (

WikiData ( 2012. [1]. ( is a localisation platform for translation communities, language communities, and free and open source projects).

Select Workshops[]

Select Writers, Researchers, etc.[]

Subject's Social Networking Sites[]


Wikimedia Commons[]

Wikimedia Commons:









World University and School Links[]

Artificial Intelligence:

Computational Linguistics:

Computer Science:


Database Systems:

Electrical Engineering.

Foreign Languages and Literatures:




United Nations:

Voice and Computing:

Translators at WUaS:

WUaS Universal Translator:


WUaS Navigation[]

New WUaS in MediaWiki:

Academic Advising at WUaS[]

Academic Press at World University and School[]

Academic Press at World University and School:

Access to Live, or Email, University Technical Expertise[]

Ask a question in a specific discipline, or find, for example, a Robotics' or Computer programmer, or Translator, easily and freely.

Additional Categories[]

Admissions at World University and School[]

Admissions' Department:

Flyer seeking degree-oriented, WUaS students: 'Quaker-informed World University & School seeks friendly, undergraduate students for free, online, Greatest Universities-centric, bachelor’s degrees to apply in the autumn of 2013, for matriculation in autumn 2014' - - and accessible here, also - WUaS holds open, electronically-mediated, hour-long, monthly business meeting on the second Saturdays at 9 am Pacific Time, in the manner of Quakers - email if you'd like to participate.

Digital and Print course catalog[]

Digital course catalog

Assistive Technologies[]

WUaS plans to anticipate numerous developing assistive technologies for sight-impaired, hearing-impaired, and similar -

Assistive Technologies:

Blog at World University and School[]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at World University and School[]

Bookstore / Computer Store (New & Used) at WUaS:

with educational electronics, as well; with musical instruments; value pricing ... 2% below market, consistently; available via mail and electronically;

Calendar (Schedule what you'd like to teach)[]


Join the World University and School Google + Group to add to its wiki-like calendar to teach an open, free class or course, converse about ideas, and jam (e.g. musically or theater improvisation): .


Career counseling:

Finding / creating a job you really love:

WUaS Job hunting:




Geodetic datums such as WGS84 or GPS

Geohash keys

... in a virtual world


Many thanks to each of you!

Please feel free to hyperlink your name to a location of your choice (or tell WUaS where to link to - Please do not hesitate to let WUaS know if you think that somebody (including yourself) has been forgotten, now or in the future; please include a URL, which is, of course, one main way identity created on the internet.

Digital To Do[]


Brainwave device / Headset

Broadcast to radio frequencies

Broadcast to TV / television

Create EMail group for page

Digital Text to Audio file format (Browse Aloud / Read Aloud?)

Google Glass

MIT OCW Mirror Site Instructions:

Oculus Rift


Publish to DVD


Send to phone




Free Degrees / Credit[]

MIT OCW Audio Video Courses:

Admissions at World University and School:

Conference Method of Teaching and Learning:

The College at World University and School:

Ph.D. Degrees at World University and School:

World University Law School:

World University Medical School:

World University Music School:

WUaS International Baccalaureate Diploma and Programme:
(beginning with United Nations' languages - Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Russian, Spanish)

In Google Earth[]

Google Earth.

In Virtual World[]

(Search on the word 'lists' here, too:

Active Worlds Educational Universe (AWEDU). 2012.

Alice. 2012.

Minecraft. 2012.

Edusim. 2013.

Gifted 2013.

Kaneva. 2014.

Open Cobalt. 2013.

OpenSim. 2012. (

Open Croquet. 2012. and

Open Wonderland. 2012.

Primary Games. 2013.

Quest Atlantis. 2012. (

Second Life - Harvard's virtual island. 2012. - and teach, learn and share ideas - in group voice chat, or in group type chat, and via building.

SmallWorlds. 2014. 2014.

Twinity. 2014.

Unity3D. 2012.

WiloStar3D. 2013.

World of Warcraft in School. 2014.

Add a learning-oriented virtual world here:

Travel to this virtual island to learn building:

Item Number[]

Global ID and Multiple IDs - see

Bar code


Learning Networking[]

Teach and Learn using free Social Networking software to share what courses, etc., you find edifying, what you enjoy learning ....

About Me - World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School - ('This group may be archived').

Good Reads -

Google + Profiles - - Scott MacLeod -

Google + Profiles Company page - - World University and School -

Google Groups' World University and School -


LinkedIn's World University and School -

Quora -

Research Gate -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -'s World University and School -

Wer Kennt Wen - World University and School -

World University & School 'subject page' group

World University & School Share This

Yahoo Groups' World University and School:

Linked Open Data[]

Linked Open Data, Linked Data for artificial intelligence and machine learning, with a focus on privacy and security.

List of Wikipedias[]

List of Wikipedias. 2015. List of Wikipedias. .

RSS Feed[]

Save this page for download in the following formats[]









TV-Live Broadcasting[]

Broadcast to television

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software to the web:

Google + Hangouts -

Justin TV -

Livestream TV -

MIT UnHangouts -

Ustream TV -

Video Communication[]

Teach and learn using free TV-Live Broadcasting software

Free video conferencing

iChat -

Skype -

Free, group video conferencing

AnyMeeting -

Google + Hangout - -

Meeting Burner - – up to 15 connection

ooVoo -

Paltalk -

sifonr - free communication -‎

Tokbox | OpenTok - API -

Vyew -

Web Huddle - - - Cloud HD Video Meetings -

Universal Translator at WUaS[]

Google Translate language:

Sugar Labs: Translation System language:


Select Translators

Babelxl. 2015. Babelxl: the best translator. .

Babylon Online Translation. 2015. Babylon Online Translation. (Offering hundreds of dictionaries and translation in more than 800 language pairs). . 2015. .

Google Translate. 2015. Google Translate. .

SDL Free Translation. 2015. SDL Free Translation. .

Word Lingo Free Translation Tools. 2015. Word Lingo Free Translation Tools and Machine Translation Products. .

Select Video with Subtitles for Translation 2015. Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified. (Amara makes video globally accessible: Captions, subtitles, and translations simplified).

TED Open Translation Project. 2015. TED Open Translation Project. (See - - and - .

The "Universitian" Newspaper at World University and School[]

The "Universitian" Newspaper at WUaS

Wiki Software for Courses[]

Media Wiki -

PB Works -

Wet Paint -

Wikia -

Wikispaces -

Wikidata / Bots[]

World University and School Licensing[]

World University and School - like Wikipedia with Greatest Universities' OpenCourseWare - incorporated as a nonprofit effective April 2010 and is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, educational organization charity.

World University & School is a community of learners and teachers who value — and are themselves strengthened by — the rich diversity of its participants. In order to cultivate a flourishing teaching, learning and creating conversation in a diverse and complex world, WUaS welcomes all languages, students, families, faculty, board members, and staff with differences based on (but not limited to) race, color, ethnicity, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, family structure, and economic background.

All content on this site is freely available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) - .

MIT OCW Creative Commons' licensing and endorsement clarifications

a) MIT is not affiliated with, and does not endorse, World University and School b) MIT does not offer credit to WUaS students, and c) All MIT OpenCourseWare materials are available for free through

Admissions' Department:
Library Resources:
Nation States:
You at World University:
Educational Software:
Hardware Resource Possibilities:
Frequently Asked Questions at World University & School:
World University Foundation:


Volunteers at World University and School:

For questions, or help editing a page, email:

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